New Iberia (Spanish: Nueva Iberia, French: La Nouvelle-Ibérie) is the largest city in and the parish seat of Iberia Parish, Louisiana, United States. It is located 21 miles (34 kilometers) southeast of Lafayette.
New Iberia is located at 30°0′13″N 91°49′6″W / 30.00361°N 91.81833°W / 30.00361; -91.81833 (30.003577, −91.818454) and has an elevation of 20 feet (6.1 m). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.6 square miles (27.4 km²), all land.
New Iberia enjoys a sub-tropical climate with above average rainfall. Among the lakes is Lake Peigneur, which was formerly a 10-foot (3.0 m) deep freshwater lake until a 1980 disaster involving oil drilling and a salt mine. The lake is now a 1,300-foot (400 m) deep salt water lake, having been refilled by the Gulf of Mexico via the Delcambre Canal. There is also Lake Tasse, better known as Spanish Lake. This region has many natural features of interest, such as Avery Island, famous for its Tabasco sauce factory, deposits of rock salt, and Jungle Gardens.
As of the census of 2000, there were 32,623 people, 11,756 households, and 8,335 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,088.8 people per square mile (1,192.8/km²). There were 12,880 housing units at an average density of 1,219.5 per square mile (470.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.99% White, 38.42% African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 11,756 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 20.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,079, and the median income for a family was $30,828. Males had a median income of $30,289 versus $16,980 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,084. About 24.9% of families and 29.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.8% of those under age 18 and 20.8% of those age 65 or over.
New Iberia Louisiana neighborhoods include: Acadian Acres, Bayou to Wicklow, Blue Haven, City Park, College Park/ Briarwood, Coteau, Creighton Heights, Highland Dodson, Hillcrest Rd, Jefferson Island Road, Jefferson/Lewis, Jefferson Terrace, Lake Tasse, Little Woods-Sugar Mill, Main Street, Morbihan, New Iberia, Northside Rd, Orange Grove, Palmland, Park Area, Southport, Squirrel Run Community, Sugarland Estates, Sugar Mill Road, Sugar Oaks Estates, Terrell Courts, Turnberry Street, Wildwood/Jack Brooks