Ferriday is a town in Concordia Parish in northeastern Louisiana, United States. The population, which is three-fourths African American, was 3,511 at the 2010 census.
Ferriday is situated on the west side of Lake Concordia and 8 miles (13 km) from Lake St. John, oxbow lakes noted for recreational and professional bass fishing.
U.S. Routes 84 and 425 pass through the center of Ferriday. US 84 leads west 16 miles (26 km) to Jonesville, and US 425 leads north 6 miles (10 km) to Clayton. The two highways jointly lead southeast 11 miles (18 km) to Natchez, Mississippi.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Ferriday has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.2 km), all being land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,723 people, 1,350 households, and 918 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,220.7 people per square mile (855.6/km²). There were 1,498 housing units at an average density of 893.5 per square mile (344.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 24.09% White, 74.89% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population.
There were 1,350 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 33.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the town, the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 76.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $14,732, and the median income for a family was $18,636. Males had a median income of $23,654 versus $16,725 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,767. About 40.7% of families and 47.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 70.2% of those under age 18 and 25.1% of those age 65 or over.
In 2010, Ferriday had the 15th-lowest median household income of all places in the United States with a population over 1,000.