Dodson is a village in Winn Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 357 at the 2000 census, which decreased to 337 in 2010.
Dodson is located at 32°4′40″N 92°39′40″W / 32.07778°N 92.66111°W / 32.07778; -92.66111 (32.077899, −92.661140).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 357 people, 140 households, and 102 families residing in the village. The population density was 158.4 inhabitants per square mile (61.3/km²). There were 167 housing units at an average density of 74.1 per square mile (28.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 75.07% White, 22.41% African American, 0.28% Native American, and 2.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.80% of the population.
There were 140 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the village, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $25,536, and the median income for a family was $30,625. Males had a median income of $29,000 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $10,452. About 19.2% of families and 29.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.7% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.
Dodson Louisiana neighborhoods include: Acadian Acres, Bayou to Wicklow, Blue Haven, City Park, College Park/ Briarwood, Coteau, Creighton Heights, Highland Dodson, Hillcrest Rd, Jefferson Island Road, Jefferson/Lewis, Jefferson Terrace, Lake Tasse, Little Woods-Sugar Mill, Main Street, Morbihan, New Iberia, Northside Rd, Orange Grove, Palmland, Park Area, Southport, Squirrel Run Community, Sugarland Estates, Sugar Mill Road, Sugar Oaks Estates, Terrell Courts, Turnberry Street, Wildwood/Jack Brooks