Chalmette (/ʃælˈmɛt/ shall-MET) is a census-designated place (CDP) in, and the parish seat of St. Bernard Parish, in southeast Louisiana, United States. The 2010 census reported that Chalmette had 16,751 people. The 2011 population is listed as 17,119; however, the pre-Katrina population was 32,069 at the 2000 census. The population hence declined by 46% between 2000 and 2010. Chalmette is part of the New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area. Chalmette is located east of downtown New Orleans and south of Arabi, towards Lake Borgne.
Chalmette is located at 29°56′44″N 89°57′42″W / 29.94556°N 89.96167°W / 29.94556; -89.96167 (29.945504, -89.961602), along the Mississippi River and has an elevation of 3 feet (0.9 m). It is located east of New Orleans, and is part of the Greater New Orleans Area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20 km), of which 7.3 square miles (19 km) is land, and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km) (7.56%) is water.
Chalmette lies on the east bank of the Mississippi River, just downriver from Arabi, approximately two miles (3 km) from the border of New Orleans.
As of the census of 2000, there were 32,069 people, 12,321 households, and 8,821 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,369.6 people per square mile (1,686.9/km²). There were 12,896 housing units at an average density of 1,757.2 per square mile (678.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.69% White, 2.39% African American, 0.44% Native American, 1.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.81% of the population.
There were 12,321 households, out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57, and the average family size was 3.04.
In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 23.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $36,699, and the median income for a family was $43,804. Males had a median income of $33,916 versus $24,896 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,480. About 9.2% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 census, Chalmette’s demographics have changed substantially, with nearly half the population it had in 2000, at 16751. Of these, 1726 were Hispanic or Latino, constituting 10.3% of the population. The makeup of Chalmette’s non-Hispanic population was 101 (0.6%) were American Indian or Alaskan native, 501 (2.99%) were Asian, 2207 (13.18%) were black, 16 (0.1%) were Pacific Islanders, 548 (3.27%) were mixed-race, 12727 (75.98%) white, and 651 (3.89%) other races. The only groups in Chalmette to grow in population were Pacific Islander, Hispanic, black, mixed, and other; on the other hand, the white population dropped by other 50%. As well, over half of the female population vanished from Chalmette while only 44.62% of the male population did, changing it from a 51.38% female town to a 51.29% male town. The changes are generally attributed to Hurricane Katrina.