Abbeville is a city in and the parish seat of Vermilion Parish, Louisiana, United States, 150 miles (240 km) west of New Orleans and 60 miles (97 km) southwest of Baton Rouge. The population was 12,257 at the 2010 census.
Abbeville is located at 29°58′31.422″N 92°7′37.7652″W / 29.97539500°N 92.127157000°W / 29.97539500; -92.127157000 and has an elevation of 16 feet (4.9 m).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.7 square miles (14.7629 km), of which 5.7 square miles (15 km) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km) (0.53%) is water.
Abbeville is located near the southern terminus of U.S. Highway 167. Abbeville Chris Crusta Memorial Airport is in the eastern part of the city. The Vermilion River runs through downtown, and several canals and coulees run through other parts of Abbeville.
Abbeville is the principal city of the Abbeville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Vermilion Parish. It is also part of the Lafayette Metropolitan Statistical Area and the larger Lafayette–Acadiana Combined Statistical Area.
As of the 2000 census, there were 11,887 people, 4,698 households, and 3,014 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,027.7 people per square mile (805.2/km). There were 5,257 housing units at an average density of 907.3 per square mile (350.2/km).
The ethnic makeup was 54.29% White, 38.56% African American, 0.19% Native American, 5.50% Asian, 0.39% other races, and 1.06% two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.93% of the population. In 2000, 76.0% of the population over the age of five spoke English at home, 16.5% of the population spoke French or Cajun, and 5.5% spoke Vietnamese.
There were 4,698 households of which 60.34% had children under the age of 18 present, 33.35% were married couples living together, 24.44% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.72% were non-families. 31.55% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.32% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.20.
28.74% was under the age of 18, 9.55% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.57% 65 years or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.2 males. The median household income was $29,202, and the median family income was $37,197. Males had a median income of $33,985 versus $19,258 for females. The per capita income was $17,546. About 23.0% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.7% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.
In 2010 Abbeville had a population of 12,257. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 50.4% non-Hispanic white, 41.0% black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 1.5% non-Hispanic of some other race, 2.0% reporting two or more races and 3.1% Hispanic or Latino.
Abbeville Louisiana neighborhoods include: Abbeville, Bamboo, Gross Isle Subdivision, Mouton Cove, Rue Blanc